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    Morocco Geography 1997

      Location Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the MediterraneanSea, between Algeria and Western Sahara

      Geographic coordinates 32 00 N, 5 00 W

      Map references Africa

      total: 446,550 sq km
      land: 446,300 sq km
      water: 250 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly larger than California

      Land boundaries
      total: 2,017.9 km
      border countries: Algeria 1,559 km, Western Sahara 443 km, Spain (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Spain(Melilla) 9.6 km

      Coastline 1,835 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone : 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior

      Terrain northern coast and interior are mountainous with large areas of borderingplateaus, intermontane valleys, and rich coastal plains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Sebkha Tah -55 m
      highest point: Jebel Toubkal 4,165 m

      Natural resources phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt

      Land use
      arable land: 21%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 47%
      forests and woodland: 20%
      other : 11% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 12,580 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards northern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes;periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues land degradation/desertification (soil erosion resulting from farmingof marginal areas, overgrazing, destruction of vegetation); water suppliescontaminated by raw sewage; siltation of reservoirs; oil pollution of coastalwaters

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, HazardousWastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note strategic location along Strait of Gibraltar

      NOTE: The information regarding Morocco on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Morocco Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Morocco Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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