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    Niue Geography 1997

      Location Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga

      Geographic coordinates 19 02 S, 169 52 W

      Map references Oceania

      total: 260 sq km
      land: 260 sq km
      water : 0 sq km

      Area - comparative 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries 0 km

      Coastline 64 km

      Maritime claims
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate tropical; modified by southeast trade winds

      Terrain steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point : unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m

      Natural resources fish, arable land

      Land use
      arable land: 19%
      permanent crops : 8%
      permanent pastures: 4%
      forests and woodland: 19%
      other: 50% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land NA sq km

      Natural hazards typhoons

      Environment - current issues traditional methods of burning brush and trees to clear land for agriculturehave threatened soil supplies which are not naturally very abundant

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change
      signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

      Geography - note one of world's largest coral islands

      NOTE: The information regarding Niue on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Niue Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Niue Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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