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    Swaziland Geography 1997

      Location Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa

      Geographic coordinates 26 30 S, 31 30 E

      Map references Africa

      total: 17,360 sq km
      land: 17,200 sq km
      water: 160 sq km

      Area - comparative slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries
      total : 535 km
      border countries: Mozambique 105 km, South Africa 430 km

      Coastline 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims none (landlocked)

      Climate varies from tropical to near temperate

      Terrain mostly mountains and hills; some moderately sloping plains

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point : Great Usutu River 21 m
      highest point: Emlembe 1,862 m

      Natural resources asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold anddiamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc

      Land use
      arable land: 11%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 62%
      forests and woodland : 7%
      other: 20% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 670 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards NA

      Environment - current issues limited supplies of potable water; wildlife populations being depletedbecause of excessive hunting; overgrazing; soil degradation; soil erosion

      Environment - international agreements
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Desertification, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note landlocked; almost completely surrounded by South Africa

      NOTE: The information regarding Swaziland on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Swaziland Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Swaziland Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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