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    Turkey Military 1997

      Military branches Land Forces, Navy (includes Naval Air and Naval Infantry), Air Force,Coast Guard, Gendarmerie

      Military manpower - military age 20 years of age

      Military manpower - availability
      males age 15-49: 17,352,876 (1997 est.)

      Military manpower - fit for military service
      males: 10,553,157 (1997 est.)

      Military manpower - reaching military age annually
      males: 649,336 (1997 est.)

      Military expenditures - dollar figure $4.3 billion (1996); note - figures do not include about $7 billionfor the government's counterinsurgency effort

      Military expenditures - percent of GDP 3.5% (1996)

      Disputes - international complex maritime, air and territorial disputes with Greece in AegeanSea; Cyprus question with Greece; Hatay question with Syria; dispute withdownstream riparians (Syria and Iraq) over water development plans for theTigris and Euphrates Rivers; traditional demands on former Armenian lands in Turkey have subsided

      Illicit drugs major transit route for Southwest Asian heroin and hashish to WesternEurope and the US via air, land, and sea routes; major Turkish, Iranian, and other international trafficking organizations operate out of Istanbul;laboratories to convert imported morphine base into heroin are in remote regionsof Turkey as well as near Istanbul; government maintains strict controls overareas of legal opium poppy cultivation and output of poppy straw concentrate

      NOTE: The information regarding Turkey on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkey Military 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkey Military 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)