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    Turkmenistan Government 1997

      Country name
      conventional long form: none
      conventional short form: Turkmenistan
      local long form: none
      local short form: Turkmenistan
      former: Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic

      Data code TX

      Government type republic

      National capital Ashgabat

      Administrative divisions 5 welayatlar (singular - welayat): Ahal Welayaty (Ashgabat), BalkanWelayaty (Nebitdag), Dashhowuz Welayaty (formerly Tashauz), Lebap Welayaty (Charjew), Mary Welayaty
      note : administrative divisions have the same names as their administrativecenters (exceptions have the administrative center name following in parentheses)

      Independence 27 October 1991 (from the Soviet Union)

      National holiday Independence Day, 27 October (1991)

      Constitution adopted 18 May 1992

      Legal system based on civil law system

      Suffrage 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch
      chief of state: President and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Saparmurat NIYAZOV(since 27 October 1990, when the first direct presidential election occurred);note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
      head of government: President and Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Saparmurat NIYAZOV;note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; DeputyChairmen of the Cabinet of Ministers Mukhamed ABALAKOV (since NA), BabamuradBAZAROV (since NA), Dadebaya ANNAGELDIYEV (since NA), Orazgeldy AYDOGDYYEV(since NA), Hudaayguly HALYKOV (since NA), Aleksandr DADONOV (since NA), PirkulyODEYEV (since NA), Rejep SAPAROV (since NA), Boris SHIKHMURADOV (since NA),Batyr SARJAYEV (since NA), Ilaman SHYKHYYEV (since NA)
      cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
      note: NIYAZOV has been asked by various local groups, most recently on 26October 1995 at the annual elders meeting, to be "president for life," buthe has declined, saying the status would require an amendment to the constitution
      elections : president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election lastheld 21 June 1992 (next to be held NA 2002; note - extension of PresidentNIYAZOV's term for an additional five years overwhelmingly approved - 99.9%of total vote in favor - by national referendum held 15 January 1994); deputychairmen of the cabinet of ministers are appointed by the president
      election results: Saparmurad NIYAZOV elected president without opposition; percent ofvote - Saparmurad NIYAZOV 99.5%

      Legislative branch under the 1992 constitution, there are two parliamentary bodies, a unicameralPeople's Council or Halk Maslahaty (more than 100 seats, some of which arepopularly elected and some are appointed; meets infrequently) and a unicameralAssembly or Majlis (50 seats; members are elected by popular vote to servefive-year terms)
      elections : People's Council - no elections; Assembly - last held 11 December 1994(next to be held NA 1999)
      election results: Assembly - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - DemocraticParty 45, other 5; note - all 50 preapproved by President NIYAZOV

      Judicial branch Supreme Court

      Political parties and leaders Democratic Party of Turkmenistan [Saparmurat NIYAZOV]; Party for DemocraticDevelopment [Durdymurat HOJA-MUHAMEDOV, chairman]; Agzybirlik [Nurberdy NURMAMEDOV,cochairman, Hubayberdi HALLIYEV, cochairman]
      note: formal opposition parties are outlawed; unofficial, small oppositionmovements exist underground or in foreign countries

      International organization participation CCC, CIS, EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, IDB, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,IMO, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NACC, NAM,OIC, OSCE, PFP, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO(observer)

      Diplomatic representation in the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Halil UGUR
      chancery: 2207 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
      telephone: [1] (202) 588-1500
      FAX : [1] (202) 588-0697

      Diplomatic representation from the US
      chief of mission: Ambassador Michael W. COTTER
      embassy : 9 Pushkin Street, Ashgabat
      mailing address: use embassy street address
      telephone: [9] (9312) 35-00-45, 35-00-46, 35-00-42, Tie Line [8] 962-0000
      FAX: [9] (9312) 51-13-05

      Flag description green field, including a vertical stripe on the hoist side, with a claretvertical stripe in between containing five white, black, and orange carpet guls (an asymmetrical design used in producing rugs) associated with fivedifferent tribes; a white crescent and five white stars in the upper leftcorner to the right of the carpet guls

      NOTE: The information regarding Turkmenistan on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Turkmenistan Government 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Turkmenistan Government 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
    Copyright © 2002 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)