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    Yemen Geography 1997

      Location Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and Red Sea, betweenOman and Saudi Arabia

      Geographic coordinates 15 00 N, 48 00 E

      Map references Middle East

      total: 527,970 sq km
      land: 527,970 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes Perim, Socotra, the former Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or NorthYemen), and the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or SouthYemen)

      Area - comparative slightly larger than twice the size of Wyoming

      Land boundaries
      total: 1,746 km
      border countries: Oman 288 km, Saudi Arabia 1,458 km

      Coastline 1,906 km

      Maritime claims
      contiguous zone: 18 nm in the North; 24 nm in the South
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in westernmountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desertin east

      Terrain narrow coastal plain backed by flat-topped hills and rugged mountains;dissected upland desert plains in center slope into the desert interior ofthe Arabian Peninsula

      Elevation extremes
      lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
      highest point: Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb 3,760 m

      Natural resources petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble, small deposits of coal, gold, lead,nickel, and copper, fertile soil in west

      Land use
      arable land : 3%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 30%
      forests and woodland: 4%
      other : 63% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land 3,600 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards sandstorms and dust storms in summer

      Environment - current issues very limited natural fresh water resources; inadequate supplies of potablewater; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification

      Environment - international agreements
      party to : Biodiversity, Climate Change, Environmental Modification, HazardousWastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note controls Bab el Mandeb, the strait linking the Red Sea and the Gulfof Aden, one of world's most active shipping lanes

      NOTE: The information regarding Yemen on this page is re-published from the 1997 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Yemen Geography 1997 information contained here. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Yemen Geography 1997 should be addressed to the CIA.

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    Revised 06-Mar-02
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