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Luxembourg Government

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
    conventional short form: Luxembourg
    local long form: Grand-Duche de Luxembourg
    local short form: Luxembourg

    Data code: LU

    Government type: constitutional monarchy

    Capital: Luxembourg

    Administrative divisions: 3 districts; Diekirch, Grevenmacher, Luxembourg

    Independence: 1839 (from the Netherlands)

    National holiday: National Day, 23 June (1921) (public celebration of the Grand Duke's birthday)

    Constitution: 17 October 1868, occasional revisions

    Legal system: based on civil law system; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: Grand Duke JEAN (since 12 November 1964); Heir Apparent Prince HENRI (son of the monarch, born 16 April 1955)
    head of government: Prime Minister Jean-Claude JUNCKER (since 1 January 1995) and Vice Prime Minister Jacques F. POOS (since 21 July 1984)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the monarch, responsible to the Chamber of Deputies
    elections: none; the monarch is hereditary; prime minister and vice prime minister appointed by the monarch but are responsible to the Chamber of Deputies

    Legislative branch: unicameral Chamber of Deputies or Chambre des Deputes (60 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held 12 June 1994 (next to be held by 13 June 1999)
    election results: percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—CSV 21, LSAP 17, DP 12, Action Committee for Democracy and Pension Rights 5, Greens 5
    note: the Council of State or Conseil d'Etat, which has 21 members who are appointed for life, is an advisory body whose views are considered by the Chamber of Deputies

    Judicial branch: Superior Court of Justice or Cour Superieure de Justice, judges are appointed for life by the monarch; Administrative Court or Tribunale Administratin, judges are appointed for life by the monarch

    Political parties and leaders: Christian Social People's Party or CSV [Erna HENNICOT-SCHOEPGES]; Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party or LSAP [Ben FAYOT]; Democratic Party or DP [Lydie Wurth POLFER]; Action Committee for Democracy and Pension Rights [Roby MEHLEN]; the Green Alternative [Abbes JACOBY]; other minor parties

    Political pressure groups and leaders: group of steel companies representing iron and steel industry; Centrale Paysanne representing agricultural producers; Christian and Socialist labor unions; Federation of Industrialists; Artisans and Shopkeepers Federation

    International organization participation: ACCT, Australia Group, Benelux, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EIB, EMU, EU, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ITU, MTCR, NATO, NEA, NSG, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WEU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO, ZC

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Arlette CONZEMIUS
    chancery: 2200 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 265-4171
    FAX: [1] (202) 328-8270
    consulate(s) general: New York and San Francisco

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Marie MURRAY
    embassy: 22 Boulevard Emmanuel-Servais, 2535 Luxembourg City
    mailing address: American Embassy Luxembourg, Unit 1410, APO AE 09126-1410 (official mail); American Embassy Luxembourg, PSC 9, Box 9500, APO AE 09123 (personal mail)
    telephone: [352] 46 01 23
    FAX: [352] 46 14 01

    Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and light blue; similar to the flag of the Netherlands, which uses a darker blue and is shorter; design was based on the flag of France

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Revised 1-Mar-99
Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)