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Malawi Government 1999

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Malawi
    conventional short form: Malawi
    former: Nyasaland

    Data code: MI

    Government type: multiparty democracy

    Capital: Lilongwe

    Administrative divisions: 24 districts; Blantyre, Chikwawa, Chiradzulu, Chitipa, Dedza, Dowa, Karonga, Kasungu, Lilongwe, Machinga (Kasupe), Mangochi, Mchinji, Mulanje, Mwanza, Mzimba, Ntcheu, Nkhata Bay, Nkhotakota, Nsanje, Ntchisi, Rumphi, Salima, Thyolo, Zomba

    Independence: 6 July 1964 (from UK)

    National holiday: Independence Day 6 July (1964); Republic Day 6 July (1966)

    Constitution: 18 May 1995

    Legal system: based on English common law and customary law; judicial review of legislative acts in the Supreme Court of Appeal; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Bakili MULUZI (since 21 May 1994); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President Bakili MULUZI (since 21 May 1994); note—the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    cabinet: Cabinet named by the president
    elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 17 May 1994 (next to be held by May 1999)
    election results: Bakili MULUZI elected president; percent of vote—NA

    Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (177 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held 17 May 1994 (next to be held by May 1999)
    election results: percent of vote by party—NA; seats by party—UDF 84, AFORD 33, MCP 55, others 5; note—because of defections and byelections, the distribution of seats in the National Assembly had changed at the end of the 1996 as follows: UDF 84, MCP 47, AFORD 34, independents 8, and vacant 4
    note: the constitution of 18 May 1995, in addition to reducing the age at which universal suffrage is conferred from 21 to 18 years, provided for a bicameral legislature; by 1999, in addition to the existing National Assembly, a Senate of 80 seats is to be elected

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Appeal; High Court (chief justice appointed by the president, puisne judges appointed on the advice of the Judicial Service Commission); magistrate's courts

    Political parties and leaders:
    ruling party: United Democratic Front or UDF [Bakili MULUZI]
    opposition groups: Alliance for Democracy or AFORD [Chakufwa CHIHANA]; Congress for the Second Republic or CSR [Kanyama CHIUME]; Malawi Congress Party or MCP [Gwanda CHAKUAMBA, president, John TEMBO, vice president]; Malawi Democratic Party or MDP [Kampelo KALUA, president]; People Democratic Party or PDP [Rolf PATEL]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Eston KAKHOME, president]

    International organization participation: ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, FAO, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAU, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Willie CHOKANI
    chancery: 2408 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
    telephone: [1] (202) 797-1007

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Amelia Ellen SHIPPY
    embassy: address NA, in new development area in Lilongwe
    mailing address: P. O. Box 30016, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
    telephone: [265] 783 166
    FAX: [265] 780 471

    Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of black (top), red, and green with a radiant, rising, red sun centered in the black band

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)