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Tajikistan Government 1999

    Country name:
    conventional long form: Republic of Tajikistan
    conventional short form: Tajikistan
    local long form: Jumhurii Tojikiston
    local short form: none
    former: Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic

    Data code: TI

    Government type: republic

    Capital: Dushanbe

    Administrative divisions: 2 oblasts (viloyatho, singular—viloyat) and one autonomous oblast* (viloyati mukhtori); Viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshoni* (Khorugh—formerly Khorog), Viloyati Khatlon (Qurghonteppa—formerly Kurgan-Tyube), Viloyati Leninobod (Khujand—formerly Leninabad)
    note: the administrative center name follows in parentheses

    Independence: 9 September 1991 (from Soviet Union)

    National holiday: National Day, 9 September (1991)

    Constitution: 6 November 1994

    Legal system: based on civil law system; no judicial review of legislative acts

    Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President Emomali RAHMONOV (since 6 November 1994; head of state and Supreme Assembly chairman since 19 November 1992)
    head of government: Prime Minister Yahyo AZIMOV (since 8 February 1996)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president, approved by the Supreme Assembly for approval
    elections: president elected by popular vote for a five-year term; election last held 6 November 1994 (next to be held NA 1999); prime minister appointed by the president
    election results: Emomali RAHMONOV elected president; percent of vote—Emomali RAHMONOV 58%, Abdumalik ABDULLOJANOV 40%

    Legislative branch: unicameral Supreme Assembly or Majlisi Oli (181 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)
    elections: last held 26 February and 12 March 1995 (next to be held NA 1999)
    election results: percent of vote by party—NA; estimated seats by party—Communist Party and affiliates 100, People's Party 10, Party of People's Unity 6, Party of Economic and Political Renewal 1, other 64

    Judicial branch: Supreme Court, judges are appointed by the president

    Political parties and leaders: Tajik Communist Party or CPT [Shodi SHABDOLOV]; People's Democratic Party of Tajikistan or PDPT [Abdulmajid DOSTIEV]; Rastokhez (Rebirth) Movement [Tohiri ABDUJABBOR]; National Unity Party [Abdulmalik ABDULLOJANOV]—evolved from the People's Party and Party of People's Unity; United Tajik Opposition or UTO [Said Abdullo NURI]—an umbrella group including; Islamic Revival Movement of Tajikistan or IMP [Said Abdullo NURI, chairman]; Democratic Party or TDP [Jumaboy NIYOZOV, chairman]; Lali Badakhshan Movement [Atobek AMIRBEKOV]; Party for the Political and Economic Renewal of Tajikistan or PPERT [Valijon BABAYEV]; Citizenship, Patriotism, Unity Party [Bobokhon MAHMADOV]; Adolatho "Justice" Party [Abdurahmon KARIMOV, chairman]; Party of Justice and Development [Rahmutullo ZAINAV]

    International organization participation: CCC, CIS, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, ECO, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, Intelsat, IOC, IOM, ITU, OIC, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO (observer)

    Diplomatic representation in the US: Tajikistan does not have an embassy in the US, but has a mission at the UN: address—136 East 67th Street, New York, NY 10021, telephone—[1] (212) 472-7645, FAX—[1] (212) 628-0252; permanent representative to the UN is Rashid ALIMOV

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Robert FINN
    embassy: temporarily collocated with the US Embassy in Almaty
    mailing address: use embassy street address
    telephone: NA
    FAX: NA

    Flag description: three horizontal stripes of red (top), a wider stripe of white, and green; a gold crown surmounted by seven five-pointed gold stars is located in the center of the white stripe

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)