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United Arab Emirates Government 1999

    Country name:
    conventional long form: United Arab Emirates
    conventional short form: none
    local long form: Al Imarat al Arabiyah al Muttahidah
    local short form: none
    former: Trucial States
    abbreviation: UAE

    Data code: TC

    Government type: federation with specified powers delegated to the UAE federal government and other powers reserved to member emirates

    Capital: Abu Dhabi

    Administrative divisions: 7 emirates (imarat, singular—imarah); Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi), 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah (Sharjah), Dubayy (Dubai), Ra's al Khaymah, Umm al Qaywayn

    Independence: 2 December 1971 (from UK)

    National holiday: National Day, 2 December (1971)

    Constitution: 2 December 1971 (made permanent in 1996)

    Legal system: federal court system introduced in 1971; all emirates except Dubayy (Dubai) and Ra's al Khaymah have joined the federal system; all emirates have secular and Islamic law for civil, criminal, and high courts

    Suffrage: none

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan (since 2 December 1971), ruler of Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) (since 6 August 1966) and Vice President MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 8 October 1990), ruler of Dubayy (Dubai)
    head of government: Prime Minister MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 8 October 1990), ruler of Dubayy (Dubai); Deputy Prime Minister SULTAN bin Zayid Al Nuhayyan (since 20 November 1990)
    cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the president
    note: there is also a Federal Supreme Council (FSC) which is composed of the seven emirate rulers; the council is the highest constitutional authority in the UAE; establishes general policies and sanctions federal legislation, Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) and Dubayy (Dubai) rulers have effective veto power; meets four times a year
    elections: president and vice president elected by the FSC (a group of seven electors) for five-year terms; election last held NA October 1996 (next to be held NA 2001); prime minister and deputy prime minister appointed by the president
    election results: ZAYID bin Sultan Al Nuhayyan reelected president; percent of FSC vote—NA, but believed to be unanimous; MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum elected vice president; percent of FSC vote—NA, but believed to be unanimous

    Legislative branch: unicameral Federal National Council or Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani (40 seats; members appointed by the rulers of the constituent states to serve two-year terms)
    elections: none
    note: reviews legislation, but cannot change or veto

    Judicial branch: Union Supreme Court, judges appointed by the president

    Political parties and leaders: none

    Political pressure groups and leaders: NA

    International organization participation: ABEDA, AfDB, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC, ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent), ITU, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

    Diplomatic representation in the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Muhammad bin Husayn al-SHAALI
    chancery: Suite 700, 1255 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20037
    telephone: [1] (202) 955-7999

    Diplomatic representation from the US:
    chief of mission: Ambassador Theodore H. KATTOUF
    embassy: Al-Sudan Street, Abu Dhabi
    mailing address: P. O. Box 4009, Abu Dhabi; American Embassy Abu Dhabi, Department of State, Washington, DC 20521-6010 (pouch); note—work week is Saturday through Wednesday
    telephone: [971] (2) 436691, 436692
    FAX: [971] (2) 434771
    consulate(s) general: Dubai

    Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a thicker vertical red band on the hoist side

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    Revised 1-Mar-99
    Copyright © 1999 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)