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    Afghanistan Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran

      Geographic coordinates: 33 00 N, 65 00 E

      Map references: Asia

      total: 652,000 sq km
      land: 652,000 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 5,529 km
      border countries: China 76 km, Iran 936 km, Pakistan 2,430 km, Tajikistan 1,206 km, Turkmenistan 744 km, Uzbekistan 137 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers

      Terrain: mostly rugged mountains; plains in north and southwest

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Amu Darya 258 m
      highest point: Nowshak 7,485 m

      Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones

      Land use:
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 46%
      forests and woodland: 3%
      other: 39% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 30,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: damaging earthquakes occur in Hindu Kush mountains; flooding

      Environment - current issues: soil degradation; overgrazing; deforestation (much of the remaining forests are being cut down for fuel and building materials); desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: landlocked

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)