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    Albania Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece and Serbia and Montenegro

      Geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 20 00 E

      Map references: Europe

      total: 28,748 sq km
      land: 27,398 sq km
      water: 1,350 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries:
      total: 720 km
      border countries: Greece 282 km, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 151 km, Serbia and Montenegro 287 km (114 km with Serbia, 173 km with Montenegro)

      Coastline: 362 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: mild temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters; hot, clear, dry summers; interior is cooler and wetter

      Terrain: mostly mountains and hills; small plains along coast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Maja e Korabit (Golem Korab) 2,753 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, timber, nickel, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 21%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 15%
      forests and woodland: 38%
      other: 21% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 3,410 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes; tsunamis occur along southwestern coast

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution from industrial and domestic effluents

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic location along Strait of Otranto (links Adriatic Sea to Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)