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    Bahamas, The Geography 2000

      Location: Caribbean, chain of islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of Florida

      Geographic coordinates: 24 15 N, 76 00 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 13,940 sq km
      land: 10,070 sq km
      water: 3,870 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 3,542 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream

      Terrain: long, flat coral formations with some low rounded hills

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Alvernia, on Cat Island 63 m

      Natural resources: salt, aragonite, timber

      Land use:
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 32%
      other: 67% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: hurricanes and other tropical storms that cause extensive flood and wind damage

      Environment - current issues: coral reef decay; solid waste disposal

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic location adjacent to US and Cuba; extensive island chain

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)