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    Bahrain Geography 2000

      Location: Middle East, archipelago in the Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia

      Geographic coordinates: 26 00 N, 50 33 E

      Map references: Middle East

      Area:
      total: 620 sq km
      land: 620 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 161 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: extending to boundaries to be determined
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: arid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers

      Terrain: mostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
      highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan 122 m

      Natural resources: oil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 6%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 92% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts; dust storms

      Environment - current issues: desertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land, periods of drought, and dust storms; coastal degradation (damage to coastlines, coral reefs, and sea vegetation) resulting from oil spills and other discharges from large tankers, oil refineries, and distribution stations; no natural fresh water resources so that groundwater and sea water are the only sources for all water needs

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: close to primary Middle Eastern petroleum sources; strategic location in Persian Gulf which much of Western world's petroleum must transit to reach open ocean

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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