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    Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia

      Geographic coordinates: 44 00 N, 18 00 E

      Map references: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Europe

      Area:
      total: 51,129 sq km
      land: 51,129 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than West Virginia

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,459 km
      border countries: Croatia 932 km, Serbia and Montenegro 527 km (312 km with Serbia, 215 km with Montenegro)

      Coastline: 20 km

      Maritime claims: NA

      Climate: hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast

      Terrain: mountains and valleys

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Maglic 2,386 m

      Natural resources: coal, iron, bauxite, manganese, forests, copper, chromium, lead, zinc, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 14%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 20%
      forests and woodland: 39%
      other: 22% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes

      Environment - current issues: air pollution from metallurgical plants; sites for disposing of urban waste are limited; widespread casualties, water shortages, and destruction of infrastructure because of the 1992-95 civil strife

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: within Bosnia and Herzegovina's recognized borders, the country is divided into a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation (about 51% of the territory) and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska [RS] (about 49% of the territory); the region called Herzegovina is contiguous to Croatia and traditionally has been settled by an ethnic Croat majority

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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