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    Botswana Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Africa, north of South Africa

      Geographic coordinates: 22 00 S, 24 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 600,370 sq km
      land: 585,370 sq km
      water: 15,000 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,013 km
      border countries: Namibia 1,360 km, South Africa 1,840 km, Zimbabwe 813 km

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: semiarid; warm winters and hot summers

      Terrain: predominantly flat to gently rolling tableland; Kalahari Desert in southwest

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: junction of the Limpopo and Shashe Rivers 513 m
      highest point: Tsodilo Hills 1,489 m

      Natural resources: diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver

      Land use:
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 46%
      forests and woodland: 47%
      other: 6% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts; seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country, which can obscure visibility

      Environment - current issues: overgrazing; desertification; limited fresh water resources

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: landlocked; population concentrated in eastern part of the country

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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