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    Cameroon Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria

      Geographic coordinates: 6 00 N, 12 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 475,440 sq km
      land: 469,440 sq km
      water: 6,000 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,591 km
      border countries: Central African Republic 797 km, Chad 1,094 km, Republic of the Congo 523 km, Equatorial Guinea 189 km, Gabon 298 km, Nigeria 1,690 km

      Coastline: 402 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 50 nm

      Climate: varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north

      Terrain: diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Fako 4,095 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 13%
      permanent crops: 2%
      permanent pastures: 4%
      forests and woodland: 78%
      other: 3% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 210 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: recent volcanic activity with release of poisonous gases

      Environment - current issues: water-borne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: Nuclear Test Ban

      Geography - note: sometimes referred to as the hinge of Africa

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)