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    Chad People 2000

      Population: 8,424,504 (July 2000 est.)

      Age structure:
      0-14 years: 48% (male 2,022,339; female 1,994,978)
      15-64 years: 49% (male 1,964,216; female 2,204,902)
      65 years and over: 3% (male 99,459; female 138,610) (2000 est.)

      Population growth rate: 3.31% (2000 est.)

      Birth rate: 48.81 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)

      Death rate: 15.71 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)

      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)

      Sex ratio:
      at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
      under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
      15-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
      65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
      total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2000 est.)

      Infant mortality rate: 96.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

      Life expectancy at birth:
      total population: 50.49 years
      male: 48.5 years
      female: 52.56 years (2000 est.)

      Total fertility rate: 6.63 children born/woman (2000 est.)

      Nationality:
      noun: Chadian(s)
      adjective: Chadian

      Ethnic groups: Muslims, commonly referred to as "northerners" or "gorane" (Arabs, Toubou, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Kanembou, Baguirmi, Boulala, Zaghawa, and Maba); non-Muslims, commonly referred to as "southerners" (Sara, Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye, Moundang, Moussei, Massa) including nonindigenous 150,000 (of whom 1,000 are French)
      note: ethnicity and regional background more commonly used to identify Chadians than religious affiliation

      Religions: Muslim 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs (mostly animism) 25%

      Languages: French (official), Arabic (official), Sara and Sango (in south), more than 100 different languages and dialects

      Literacy:
      definition: age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic
      total population: 48.1%
      male: 62.1%
      female: 34.7% (1995 est.)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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