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    Cuba Geography 2000

      Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Florida

      Geographic coordinates: 21 30 N, 80 00 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      Area:
      total: 110,860 sq km
      land: 110,860 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Pennsylvania

      Land boundaries:
      total: 29 km
      border countries: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay 29 km
      note: Guantanamo Naval Base is leased by the US and thus remains part of Cuba

      Coastline: 3,735 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; moderated by trade winds; dry season (November to April); rainy season (May to October)

      Terrain: mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Pico Turquino 2,005 m

      Natural resources: cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 24%
      permanent crops: 7%
      permanent pastures: 27%
      forests and woodland: 24%
      other: 18% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 9,100 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: the east coast is subject to hurricanes from August to October (in general, the country averages about one hurricane every other year); droughts are common

      Environment - current issues: pollution of Havana Bay; overhunting threatens wildlife populations; deforestation

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: largest country in Caribbean

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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