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    Fiji Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, island group in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand

      Geographic coordinates: 18 00 S, 175 00 E

      Map references: Oceania

      total: 18,270 sq km
      land: 18,270 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 1,129 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation; rectilinear shelf claim added
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical marine; only slight seasonal temperature variation

      Terrain: mostly mountains of volcanic origin

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Tomanivi 1,324 m

      Natural resources: timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 10%
      permanent crops: 4%
      permanent pastures: 10%
      forests and woodland: 65%
      other: 11% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: cyclonic storms can occur from November to January

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: includes 332 islands of which approximately 110 are inhabited

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)