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    Gambia, The Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and Senegal

      Geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 16 34 W

      Map references: Africa

      total: 11,300 sq km
      land: 10,000 sq km
      water: 1,300 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of Delaware

      Land boundaries:
      total: 740 km
      border countries: Senegal 740 km

      Coastline: 80 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 18 nm
      continental shelf: not specified
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot, rainy season (June to November); cooler, dry season (November to May)

      Terrain: flood plain of the Gambia river flanked by some low hills

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 53 m

      Natural resources: fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 18%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 9%
      forests and woodland: 28%
      other: 45% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 150 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: rainfall has dropped by 30% in the last 30 years

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; desertification; water-borne diseases prevalent

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: almost an enclave of Senegal; smallest country on the continent of Africa

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)