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    Gaza Strip Geography 2000

      Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Israel

      Geographic coordinates: 31 25 N, 34 20 E

      Map references: Middle East

      total: 360 sq km
      land: 360 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries:
      total: 62 km
      border countries: Egypt 11 km, Israel 51 km

      Coastline: 40 km

      Maritime claims: Israeli-occupied with current status subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation

      Climate: temperate, mild winters, dry and warm to hot summers

      Terrain: flat to rolling, sand- and dune-covered coastal plain

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Abu 'Awdah (Joz Abu 'Auda) 105 m

      Natural resources: arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 24%
      permanent crops: 39%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 11%
      other: 26% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 120 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: desertification; salination of fresh water; sewage treatment

      Geography - note: there are 24 Israeli settlements and civilian land use sites in the Gaza Strip (August 1999 est.)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)