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    Ghana Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

      Geographic coordinates: 8 00 N, 2 00 W

      Map references: Africa

      total: 238,540 sq km
      land: 230,020 sq km
      water: 8,520 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Oregon

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,093 km
      border countries: Burkina Faso 548 km, Cote d'Ivoire 668 km, Togo 877 km

      Coastline: 539 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north

      Terrain: mostly low plains with dissected plateau in south-central area

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Afadjato 880 m

      Natural resources: gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 7%
      permanent pastures: 22%
      forests and woodland: 35%
      other: 24% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 60 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: dry, dusty, harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts

      Environment - current issues: recent drought in north severely affecting agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation

      Geography - note: Lake Volta is the world's largest artificial lake; northeasterly harmattan wind (January to March)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)