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    Guam Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

      Geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 144 47 E

      Map references: Oceania

      total: 541.3 sq km
      land: 541.3 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: three times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 125.5 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season from January to June, rainy season from July to December; little seasonal temperature variation

      Terrain: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low-rising hills in center, mountains in south

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Lamlam 406 m

      Natural resources: fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan)

      Land use:
      arable land: 11%
      permanent crops: 11%
      permanent pastures: 15%
      forests and woodland: 18%
      other: 45% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (especially in August)

      Environment - current issues: extirpation of native bird population by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snake, an exotic species

      Geography - note: largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)