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    Guatemala Geography 2000

      Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Honduras and Belize and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Mexico

      Geographic coordinates: 15 30 N, 90 15 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 108,890 sq km
      land: 108,430 sq km
      water: 460 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Tennessee

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,687 km
      border countries: Belize 266 km, El Salvador 203 km, Honduras 256 km, Mexico 962 km

      Coastline: 400 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands

      Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateau (Peten)

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Volcan Tajumulco 4,211 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 5%
      permanent pastures: 24%
      forests and woodland: 54%
      other: 5% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,250 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: numerous volcanoes in mountains, with occasional violent earthquakes; Caribbean coast subject to hurricanes and other tropical storms

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; water pollution; Hurricane Mitch damage

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol

      Geography - note: no natural harbors on west coast

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)