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    Heard Island and McDonald Islands Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Africa, islands in the Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica

      Geographic coordinates: 53 06 S, 72 31 E

      Map references: Antarctic Region

      total: 412 sq km
      land: 412 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than 2 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 101.9 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 3 nm

      Climate: antarctic

      Terrain: Heard Island - bleak and mountainous, with a quiescent volcano; McDonald Islands - small and rocky

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Southern Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Big Ben 2,745 m

      Natural resources: none

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 0%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 100%

      Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)

      Natural hazards: Heard Island is dominated by a dormant volcano called Big Ben

      Environment - current issues: NA

      Geography - note: primarily used for research stations

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)