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    Honduras Geography 2000

      Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between El Salvador and Nicaragua

      Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 86 30 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 112,090 sq km
      land: 111,890 sq km
      water: 200 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,520 km
      border countries: Guatemala 256 km, El Salvador 342 km, Nicaragua 922 km

      Coastline: 820 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: natural extension of territory or to 200 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains

      Terrain: mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m

      Natural resources: timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 15%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 14%
      forests and woodland: 54%
      other: 14% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 740 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; damaging hurricanes and floods along Caribbean coast

      Environment - current issues: urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water) as well as several rivers and streams with heavy metals; severe Hurricane Mitch damage

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)