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    Iceland Government 2000

      Country name:
      conventional long form: Republic of Iceland
      conventional short form: Iceland
      local long form: Lyoveldio Island
      local short form: Island

      Data code: IC

      Government type: constitutional republic

      Capital: Reykjavik

      Administrative divisions: 23 counties (syslar, singular - sysla) and 14 independent towns* (kaupstadhir, singular - kaupstadhur); Akranes*, Akureyri*, Arnessysla, Austur-Bardhastrandarsysla, Austur-Hunavatnssysla, Austur-Skaftafellssysla, Borgarfjardharsysla, Dalasysla, Eyjafjardharsysla, Gullbringusysla, Hafnarfjordhur*, Husavik*, Isafjordhur*, Keflavik*, Kjosarsysla, Kopavogur*, Myrasysla, Neskaupstadhur*, Nordhur-Isafjardharsysla, Nordhur-Mulasys-la, Nordhur-Thingeyjarsysla, Olafsfjordhur*, Rangarvallasysla, Reykjavik*, Saudharkrokur*, Seydhisfjordhur*, Siglufjordhur*, Skagafjardharsysla, Snaefellsnes-og Hnappadalssysla, Strandasysla, Sudhur-Mulasysla, Sudhur-Thingeyjarsysla, Vesttmannaeyjar*, Vestur-Bardhastrandarsysla, Vestur-Hunavatnssysla, Vestur-Isafjardharsysla, Vestur-Skaftafellssysla

      Independence: 17 June 1944 (from Denmark)

      National holiday: Anniversary of the Establishment of the Republic, 17 June (1944)

      Constitution: 16 June 1944, effective 17 June 1944

      Legal system: civil law system based on Danish law; does not accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

      Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

      Executive branch:
      chief of state: President Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON (since 1 August 1996)
      head of government: Prime Minister David ODDSSON (since 30 April 1991)
      cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president
      elections: president elected by popular vote for a four-year term; election last held 29 June 1996 (next to be held NA June 2000); prime minister appointed by the president
      election results: Olafur Ragnar GRIMSSON elected president; percent of vote - 41.4%

      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament or Althing (63 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
      elections: last held on 8 May 1999 (next to be held by April 2003)
      election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - NA

      Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Haestirettur, justices are appointed for life by the president

      Political parties and leaders: Independence Party (conservative) or IP [David ODDSSON]; National Awakening (People's Revival Party) or PR [Johanna SIGURDARDOTTIR]; People's Alliance (left socialist) or PA [Margret FRIMANNSDOTTIR]; People's Movement (centrist) [leader NA]; Progressive Party (liberal) or PP [Halldor ASGRIMSSON]; Social Democratic Party or SDP [Sighvatur BJORGVINSSON]; Women's Party or WL [Kristin ASTGEIRSDOTTIR]

      International organization participation: Australia Group, BIS, CBSS, CCC, CE, EAPC, EBRD, ECE, EFTA, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA (observer), IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat, Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NATO, NC, NEA, NIB, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNU, UPU, WEU (associate), WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO

      Diplomatic representation in the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Jon-Baldvin HANNIBALSSON
      chancery: Suite 1200, 1156 15th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005
      telephone: [1] (202) 265-6653
      FAX: [1] (202) 265-6656
      consulate(s) general: New York

      Diplomatic representation from the US:
      chief of mission: Ambassador Barbara GRIFFITHS
      embassy: Laufasvegur 21, Reykjavik
      mailing address: US Embassy, PSC 1003, Box 40, FPO AE 09728-0340
      telephone: [354] 5629100
      FAX: [354] 5629118

      Flag description: blue with a red cross outlined in white that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Dannebrog (Danish flag)

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