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    Jamaica Geography 2000

      Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

      Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 77 30 W

      Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

      total: 10,990 sq km
      land: 10,830 sq km
      water: 160 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Connecticut

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 1,022 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; temperate interior

      Terrain: mostly mountains, with narrow, discontinuous coastal plain

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
      highest point: Blue Mountain Peak 2,256 m

      Natural resources: bauxite, gypsum, limestone

      Land use:
      arable land: 14%
      permanent crops: 6%
      permanent pastures: 24%
      forests and woodland: 17%
      other: 39% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 350 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: hurricanes (especially July to November)

      Environment - current issues: heavy rates of deforestation; coastal waters polluted by industrial waste, sewage, and oil spills; damage to coral reefs; air pollution in Kingston results from vehicle emissions

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: strategic location between Cayman Trench and Jamaica Channel, the main sea lanes for Panama Canal

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)