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    Korea, South Geography 2000

      Location: Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea

      Geographic coordinates: 37 00 N, 127 30 E

      Map references: Asia

      Area:
      total: 98,480 sq km
      land: 98,190 sq km
      water: 290 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Indiana

      Land boundaries:
      total: 238 km
      border countries: North Korea 238 km

      Coastline: 2,413 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: not specified
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the Korea Strait

      Climate: temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter

      Terrain: mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m
      highest point: Halla-san 1,950 m

      Natural resources: coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential

      Land use:
      arable land: 19%
      permanent crops: 2%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 65%
      other: 13% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 13,350 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest

      Environment - current issues: air pollution in large cities; water pollution from the discharge of sewage and industrial effluents; drift net fishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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