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    Kuwait Geography 2000

      Location: Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iraq and Saudi Arabia

      Geographic coordinates: 29 30 N, 45 45 E

      Map references: Middle East

      total: 17,820 sq km
      land: 17,820 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries:
      total: 464 km
      border countries: Iraq 242 km, Saudi Arabia 222 km

      Coastline: 499 km

      Maritime claims:
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: dry desert; intensely hot summers; short, cool winters

      Terrain: flat to slightly undulating desert plain

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location 306 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 8%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 92% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: sudden cloudbursts are common from October to April; they bring inordinate amounts of rain which can damage roads and houses; sandstorms and dust storms occur throughout the year, but are most common between March and August

      Environment - current issues: limited natural fresh water resources; some of world's largest and most sophisticated desalination facilities provide much of the water; air and water pollution; desertification

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Endangered Species, Marine Dumping

      Geography - note: strategic location at head of Persian Gulf

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)