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    Latvia Geography 2000

      Location: Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, between Estonia and Lithuania

      Geographic coordinates: 57 00 N, 25 00 E

      Map references: Europe

      Area:
      total: 64,589 sq km
      land: 64,589 sq km
      water: 0 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,150 km
      border countries: Belarus 141 km, Estonia 339 km, Lithuania 453 km, Russia 217 km

      Coastline: 531 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: maritime; wet, moderate winters

      Terrain: low plain

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Baltic Sea 0 m
      highest point: Gaizinkalns 312 m

      Natural resources: minimal; amber, peat, limestone, dolomite, hydropower, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 27%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 13%
      forests and woodland: 46%
      other: 14% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 160 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: NA

      Environment - current issues: air and water pollution because of a lack of waste conversion equipment; Gulf of Riga and Daugava River heavily polluted; contamination of soil and groundwater with chemicals and petroleum products at military bases

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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