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    Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Europe, north of Greece

      Geographic coordinates: 41 50 N, 22 00 E

      Map references: Europe

      total: 25,333 sq km
      land: 24,856 sq km
      water: 477 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than Vermont

      Land boundaries:
      total: 748 km
      border countries: Albania 151 km, Bulgaria 148 km, Greece 228 km, Serbia and Montenegro 221 km (all with Serbia)

      Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)

      Maritime claims: none (landlocked)

      Climate: warm, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall

      Terrain: mountainous territory covered with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Vardar River 50 m
      highest point: Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) 2,753 m

      Natural resources: chromium, lead, zinc, manganese, tungsten, nickel, low-grade iron ore, asbestos, sulfur, timber, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 24%
      permanent crops: 2%
      permanent pastures: 25%
      forests and woodland: 39%
      other: 10% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 830 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: high seismic risks

      Environment - current issues: air pollution from metallurgical plants

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: landlocked; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europe to Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
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