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    Mexico Geography 2000

      Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the US and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the US

      Geographic coordinates: 23 00 N, 102 00 W

      Map references: North America

      Area:
      total: 1,972,550 sq km
      land: 1,923,040 sq km
      water: 49,510 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than three times the size of Texas

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,538 km
      border countries: Belize 250 km, Guatemala 962 km, US 3,326 km

      Coastline: 9,330 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: varies from tropical to desert

      Terrain: high, rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; desert

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Laguna Salada -10 m
      highest point: Volcan Pico de Orizaba 5,700 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber

      Land use:
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 39%
      forests and woodland: 26%
      other: 22% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 61,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: tsunamis along the Pacific coast, volcanoes and destructive earthquakes in the center and south, and hurricanes on the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean coasts

      Environment - current issues: natural fresh water resources scarce and polluted in north, inaccessible and poor quality in center and extreme southeast; raw sewage and industrial effluents polluting rivers in urban areas; deforestation; widespread erosion; desertification; serious air pollution in the national capital and urban centers along US-Mexico border

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

      Geography - note: strategic location on southern border of US

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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