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    Morocco Geography 2000

      Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara

      Geographic coordinates: 32 00 N, 5 00 W

      Map references: Africa

      Area:
      total: 446,550 sq km
      land: 446,300 sq km
      water: 250 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,017.9 km
      border countries: Algeria 1,559 km, Western Sahara 443 km, Spain (Ceuta) 6.3 km, Spain (Melilla) 9.6 km

      Coastline: 1,835 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: Mediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior

      Terrain: northern coast and interior are mountainous with large areas of bordering plateaus, intermontane valleys, and rich coastal plains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Sebkha Tah -55 m
      highest point: Jebel Toubkal 4,165 m

      Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt

      Land use:
      arable land: 21%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 47%
      forests and woodland: 20%
      other: 11% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 12,580 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: northern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: land degradation/desertification (soil erosion resulting from farming of marginal areas, overgrazing, destruction of vegetation); water supplies contaminated by raw sewage; siltation of reservoirs; oil pollution of coastal waters

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: strategic location along Strait of Gibraltar

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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