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    Mozambique Geography 2000

      Location: Southern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania

      Geographic coordinates: 18 15 S, 35 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 801,590 sq km
      land: 784,090 sq km
      water: 17,500 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,571 km
      border countries: Malawi 1,569 km, South Africa 491 km, Swaziland 105 km, Tanzania 756 km, Zambia 419 km, Zimbabwe 1,231 km

      Coastline: 2,470 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical to subtropical

      Terrain: mostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Monte Binga 2,436 m

      Natural resources: coal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower

      Land use:
      arable land: 4%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 56%
      forests and woodland: 18%
      other: 22% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,180 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: severe droughts and floods occur in central and southern provinces; devastating cyclones

      Environment - current issues: a long civil war and recurrent drought in the hinterlands have resulted in increased migration of the population to urban and coastal areas with adverse environmental consequences; desertification; pollution of surface and coastal waters

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)