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    New Caledonia Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia

      Geographic coordinates: 21 30 S, 165 30 E

      Map references: Oceania

      Area:
      total: 19,060 sq km
      land: 18,575 sq km
      water: 485 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 2,254 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid

      Terrain: coastal plains with interior mountains

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m

      Natural resources: nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper

      Land use:
      arable land: 0%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 12%
      forests and woodland: 39%
      other: 49% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 160 sq km (1991)

      Natural hazards: cyclones, most frequent from November to March

      Environment - current issues: erosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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