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    Nigeria Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon

      Geographic coordinates: 10 00 N, 8 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 923,768 sq km
      land: 910,768 sq km
      water: 13,000 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,047 km
      border countries: Benin 773 km, Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger 1,497 km

      Coastline: 853 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

      Terrain: southern lowlands merge into central hills and plateaus; mountains in southeast, plains in north

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m

      Natural resources: petroleum, tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, natural gas, hydropower, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 33%
      permanent crops: 3%
      permanent pastures: 44%
      forests and woodland: 12%
      other: 8% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 9,570 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: soil degradation; rapid deforestation; desertification; recent droughts in north severely affecting marginal agricultural activities

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)