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    Northern Mariana Islands Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

      Geographic coordinates: 15 12 N, 145 45 E

      Map references: Oceania

      total: 477 sq km
      land: 477 sq km
      water: 0 sq km
      note: includes 14 islands including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian

      Area - comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 1,482 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical marine; moderated by northeast trade winds, little seasonal temperature variation; dry season December to June, rainy season July to October

      Terrain: southern islands are limestone with level terraces and fringing coral reefs; northern islands are volcanic

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed location on Agrihan 965 m

      Natural resources: arable land, fish

      Land use:
      arable land: 21%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 19%
      forests and woodland: 0%
      other: 60%

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan; typhoons (especially August to November)

      Environment - current issues: contamination of groundwater on Saipan may contribute to disease; clean-up of landfill; protection of endangered species conflicts with development

      Geography - note: strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)