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    Senegal Geography 2000

      Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania

      Geographic coordinates: 14 00 N, 14 00 W

      Map references: Africa

      total: 196,190 sq km
      land: 192,000 sq km
      water: 4,190 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Dakota

      Land boundaries:
      total: 2,640 km
      border countries: The Gambia 740 km, Guinea 330 km, Guinea-Bissau 338 km, Mali 419 km, Mauritania 813 km

      Coastline: 531 km

      Maritime claims:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind

      Terrain: generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha 581 m

      Natural resources: fish, phosphates, iron ore

      Land use:
      arable land: 12%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 16%
      forests and woodland: 54%
      other: 18% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 710 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts

      Environment - current issues: wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Marine Dumping

      Geography - note: The Gambia is almost an enclave of Senegal

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)