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    Solomon Islands Geography 2000

      Location: Oceania, group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea

      Geographic coordinates: 8 00 S, 159 00 E

      Map references: Oceania

      Area:
      total: 28,450 sq km
      land: 27,540 sq km
      water: 910 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland

      Land boundaries: 0 km

      Coastline: 5,313 km

      Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic baselines
      continental shelf: 200 nm
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical monsoon; few extremes of temperature and weather

      Terrain: mostly rugged mountains with some low coral atolls

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Mount Makarakomburu 2,447 m

      Natural resources: fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel

      Land use:
      arable land: 1%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 1%
      forests and woodland: 88%
      other: 9% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: NA sq km

      Natural hazards: typhoons, but they are rarely destructive; geologically active region with frequent earth tremors; volcanic activity

      Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; much of the surrounding coral reefs are dead or dying

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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