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    Tanzania Geography 2000

      Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique

      Geographic coordinates: 6 00 S, 35 00 E

      Map references: Africa

      total: 945,087 sq km
      land: 886,037 sq km
      water: 59,050 sq km
      note: includes the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar

      Area - comparative: slightly larger than twice the size of California

      Land boundaries:
      total: 3,402 km
      border countries: Burundi 451 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km

      Coastline: 1,424 km

      Maritime claims:
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands

      Terrain: plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Kilimanjaro 5,895 m

      Natural resources: hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel

      Land use:
      arable land: 3%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 40%
      forests and woodland: 38%
      other: 18% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 1,500 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: the tsetse fly; flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season; drought

      Environment - current issues: soil degradation; deforestation; desertification; destruction of coral reefs threatens marine habitats; recent droughts affected marginal agriculture

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection
      signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

      Geography - note: Kilimanjaro is highest point in Africa

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)