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    Thailand Geography 2000

      Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma

      Geographic coordinates: 15 00 N, 100 00 E

      Map references: Southeast Asia

      total: 514,000 sq km
      land: 511,770 sq km
      water: 2,230 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of Wyoming

      Land boundaries:
      total: 4,863 km
      border countries: Burma 1,800 km, Cambodia 803 km, Laos 1,754 km, Malaysia 506 km

      Coastline: 3,219 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Climate: tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid

      Terrain: central plain; Khorat Plateau in the east; mountains elsewhere

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Gulf of Thailand 0 m
      highest point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m

      Natural resources: tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land

      Land use:
      arable land: 34%
      permanent crops: 6%
      permanent pastures: 2%
      forests and woodland: 26%
      other: 32% (1993 est.)

      Irrigated land: 44,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Natural hazards: land subsidence in Bangkok area resulting from the depletion of the water table; droughts

      Environment - current issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from organic and factory wastes; deforestation; soil erosion; wildlife populations threatened by illegal hunting

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
      signed, but not ratified: Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the Sea

      Geography - note: controls only land route from Asia to Malaysia and Singapore

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)