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    Turkey Transportation 2000

      Railways:
      total: 8,607 km
      standard gauge: 8,607 km 1.435-m gauge (1,524 km electrified) (1999)

      Highways:
      total: 382,397 km
      paved: 95,599 km (including 1,726 km of expressways)
      unpaved: 286,798 km (1999 est.)

      Waterways: about 1,200 km

      Pipelines: crude oil 1,738 km; petroleum products 2,321 km; natural gas 708 km

      Ports and harbors: Gemlik, Hopa, Iskenderun, Istanbul, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Icel (Mersin), Samsun, Trabzon

      Merchant marine:
      total: 547 ships (1,000 GRT or over) totaling 5,935,173 GRT/9,771,421 DWT
      ships by type: bulk 155, cargo 244, chemical tanker 37, combination bulk 5, combination ore/oil 6, container 20, liquified gas 5, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 35, refrigerated cargo 3, roll-on/roll-off 22, short-sea passenger 9, specialized tanker 5 (1999 est.)

      Airports: 118 (1999 est.)

      Airports - with paved runways:
      total: 82
      over 3,047 m: 16
      2,438 to 3,047 m: 27
      1,524 to 2,437 m: 18
      914 to 1,523 m: 16
      under 914 m: 5 (1999 est.)

      Airports - with unpaved runways:
      total: 36
      1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
      914 to 1,523 m: 9
      under 914 m: 26 (1999 est.)

      Heliports: 2 (1999 est.)

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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