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    Uruguay Geography 2000

      Location: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil

      Geographic coordinates: 33 00 S, 56 00 W

      Map references: South America

      total: 176,220 sq km
      land: 173,620 sq km
      water: 2,600 sq km

      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than the state of Washington

      Land boundaries:
      total: 1,564 km
      border countries: Argentina 579 km, Brazil 985 km

      Coastline: 660 km

      Maritime claims:
      continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
      territorial sea: 200 nm; overflight and navigation guaranteed beyond 12 nm

      Climate: warm temperate; freezing temperatures almost unknown

      Terrain: mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland

      Elevation extremes:
      lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
      highest point: Cerro Catedral 514 m

      Natural resources: arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fisheries

      Land use:
      arable land: 7%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 77%
      forests and woodland: 6%
      other: 10% (1997 est.)

      Irrigated land: 7,700 sq km (1997 est.)

      Natural hazards: seasonally high winds (the pampero is a chilly and occasional violent wind which blows north from the Argentine pampas), droughts, floods; because of the absence of mountains, which act as weather barriers, all locations are particularly vulnerable to rapid changes in weather fronts

      Environment - current issues: water pollution from meat packing/tannery industry; inadequate solid/hazardous waste disposal

      Environment - international agreements:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation

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    Revised 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)