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    Afghanist�n Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Afghanistan is an extremely poor, landlocked country, highly dependent on farming and livestock raising (sheep and goats). Economic considerations have played second fiddle to political and military upheavals during two decades of war, including the nearly 10-year Soviet military occupation (which ended 15 February 1989). During that conflict one-third of the population fled the country, with Pakistan and Iran sheltering a combined peak of more than 6 million refugees. In early 1999, 1.2 million Afghan refugees remained in Pakistan and about 1.4 million in Iran. Gross domestic product has fallen substantially over the past 20 years because of the loss of labor and capital and the disruption of trade and transport. The majority of the population continues to suffer from insufficient food, clothing, housing, and medical care. Inflation remains a serious problem throughout the country. International aid can deal with only a fraction of the humanitarian problem, let alone promote economic development. The economic situation did not improve in 1998-99, as internal civil strife continued, hampering both domestic economic policies and international aid efforts. Numerical data are likely to be either unavailable or unreliable. Afghanistan was by far the largest producer of opium poppies in 1999, and narcotics trafficking is a major source of revenue.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $21 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: NA%

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $800 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 53%
      industry: 28.5%
      services: 18.5% (1990)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: NA%

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): NA%

      Fuerza Laboral: 8 million (1997 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 68%, industry 16%, services 16% (1980 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: 8% (1995 est.)

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $NA
      expenditures: $NA, including capital expenditures of $NA

      Industrias: small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, and cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, oil, coal, copper

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 430 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 41.86%
      hydro: 58.14%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 510 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 110 million kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: opium poppies, wheat, fruits, nuts, karakul pelts; wool, mutton

      Exportaciones: $80 million (does not include opium) (1996 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: opium, fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems

      Exportaciones - socios: FSU, Pakistan, Iran, Germany, India, UK, Belgium, Luxembourg, Czech Republic

      Importaciones: $150 million (1996 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: capital goods, food and petroleum products; most consumer goods

      Importaciones - socios: FSU, Pakistan, Iran, Japan, Singapore, India, South Korea, Germany

      Deuda - externa: $5.5 billion (1996 est.)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: US provided about $70 million in humanitarian assistance in 1997; US continues to contribute to multilateral assistance through the UN programs of food aid, immunization, land mine removal, and a wide range of aid to refugees and displaced persons

      Moneda: 1 afghani (AF) = 100 puls

      Indice de intercambio: afghanis (Af) per US$1 - 4,700 (January 2000), 4,750 (February 1999), 17,000 (December 1996), 7,000 (January 1995), 1,900 (January 1994), 1,019 (March 1993), 850 (1991); note - these rates reflect the free market exchange rates rather than the official exchange rate, which was fixed at 50.600 afghanis to the dollar until 1996, when it rose to 2,262.65 per dollar, and finally became fixed again at 3,000.00 per dollar in April 1996

      A�o Fiscal: 21 March - 20 March

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    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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