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    Argentina Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Chile and Uruguay

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 34 00 S, 64 00 W

      Referencias en el mapa: South America

      total: 2,766,890 sq km
      land: 2,736,690 sq km
      water: 30,200 sq km

      Area - comparativo: slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US

      total: 9,665 km
      border countries: Bolivia 832 km, Brazil 1,224 km, Chile 5,150 km, Paraguay 1,880 km, Uruguay 579 km

      Costa: 4,989 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: mostly temperate; arid in southeast; subantarctic in southwest

      Terreno: rich plains of the Pampas in northern half, flat to rolling plateau of Patagonia in south, rugged Andes along western border

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Salinas Chicas -40 m (located on Peninsula Valdes)
      highest point: Cerro Aconcagua 6,960 m

      Recursos Naturales: fertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 9%
      permanent crops: 1%
      permanent pastures: 52%
      forests and woodland: 19%
      other: 19% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 17,000 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: San Miguel de Tucuman and Mendoza areas in the Andes subject to earthquakes; pamperos are violent windstorms that can strike the Pampas and northeast; heavy flooding

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: environmental problems (urban and rural) typical of an industrializing economy such as soil degradation, desertification, air pollution, and water pollution
      note: Argentina is a world leader in setting voluntary greenhouse gas targets

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation

      Nota - geograf�a: second-largest country in South America (after Brazil); strategic location relative to sea lanes between South Atlantic and South Pacific Oceans (Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage)

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)