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    Armenia Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Under the old Soviet central planning system, Armenia had developed a modern industrial sector, supplying machine tools, textiles, and other manufactured goods to sister republics in exchange for raw materials and energy. Since the implosion of the USSR in December 1991, Armenia has switched to small-scale agriculture away from the large agroindustrial complexes of the Soviet era. The agricultural sector has long-term needs for more investment and updated technology. The privatization of industry has been at a slower pace, but has been given renewed emphasis by the current administration. Armenia is a food importer, and its mineral deposits (gold, bauxite) are small. The ongoing conflict with Azerbaijan over the ethnic Armenian-dominated region of Nagorno-Karabakh and the breakup of the centrally directed economic system of the former Soviet Union contributed to a severe economic decline in the early 1990s. By 1994, however, the Armenian Government had launched an ambitious IMF-sponsored economic program that has resulted in positive growth rates in 1995-99. Armenia also managed to slash inflation and to privatize most small- and medium-sized enterprises. The chronic energy shortages Armenia suffered in recent years have been largely offset by the energy supplied by one of its nuclear power plants at Metsamor. Continued Russian financial difficulties have hurt the trade sector especially, but have been offset by international aid, domestic restructuring, and foreign direct investment.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $9.9 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 5% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $2,900 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 40%
      industry: 25%
      services: 35% (1999 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: 45% (1999 est.)

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: NA%
      highest 10%: NA%

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 2.5% (1999)

      Fuerza Laboral: 1.5 million (1999)

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture 55%, services 25%, manufacturing, mining, and construction 20% (1999 est.)

      Indice de desempleo: 20% (1998 est.)
      note: official rate is 9.3% for 1998

      revenues: $360 million
      expenditures: $566 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (1999 est.)

      Industrias: metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, washing machines, chemicals, trucks, watches, instruments, microelectronics

      Industrial production growth rate: -2% (1998)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 5.764 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 48.92%
      hydro: 26.44%
      nuclear: 24.64%
      other: 0% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 5.361 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 0 kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: fruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock

      Exportaciones: $240 million (1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: diamonds, scrap metal, machinery and equipment, cognac, copper ore

      Exportaciones - socios: Belgium, Russia, Iran, Turkmenistan, US, Georgia (1998)

      Importaciones: $782 million (1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: natural gas, petroleum, tobacco products, foodstuffs, diamonds

      Importaciones - socios: Russia, US, UK, Iran, Turkey, Belgium (1998)

      Deuda - externa: $862.7 million (1999)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $245.5 million (1995)

      Moneda: 1 dram = 100 luma

      Indice de intercambio: dram per US$1 - 527.02 (January 2000), 535.06 (1999), 504.92 (1998), 490.85 (1997), 414.04 (1996), 405.91 (1995)

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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