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    Australia Geograf�a 2000

      Ubicaci�n: Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean

      Cordenadas Geogr�ficas: 27 00 S, 133 00 E

      Referencias en el mapa: Oceania

      Area:
      total: 7,686,850 sq km
      land: 7,617,930 sq km
      water: 68,920 sq km
      note: includes Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island

      Area - comparativo: slightly smaller than the US

      Fronteras: 0 km

      Costa: 25,760 km

      Demandas Mar�timas:
      contiguous zone: 24 nm
      continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
      exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
      territorial sea: 12 nm

      Clima: generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north

      Terreno: mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast

      Extremos de Elevaci�n:
      lowest point: Lake Eyre -15 m
      highest point: Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m

      Recursos Naturales: bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum

      Uso de Tierras:
      arable land: 6%
      permanent crops: 0%
      permanent pastures: 54%
      forests and woodland: 19%
      other: 21% (1993 est.)

      Tierras Irrigadas: 21,070 sq km (1993 est.)

      Peligros Naturales: cyclones along the coast; severe droughts

      Ambiente - asuntos actuales: soil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization, and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited natural fresh water resources

      Ambiente - acuerdos internacionales:
      party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
      signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification

      Nota - geograf�a: world's smallest continent but sixth-largest country; population concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts; regular, tropical, invigorating, sea breeze known as "the Doctor" occurs along the west coast in the summer

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


    ctr10/10/00