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    Bolivia Econom�a 2000

      Econom�a - descripci�n: Bolivia, long one of the poorest and least developed Latin American countries, has made considerable progress toward the development of a market-oriented economy. Successes under President SANCHEZ DE LOZADA (1993-1997) included the signing of a free trade agreement with Mexico and the Southern Cone Common Market (Mercosur) as well as the privatization of the state airline, telephone company, railroad, electric power company, and oil company. His successor, Hugo BANZER Suarez has tried to further improve the country's investment climate with an anticorruption campaign. Growth slowed in 1999, in part due to tight government budget policies, which limited needed appropriations for anti-poverty programs, and the fallout from the Asian financial crisis. Growth should rebound to perhaps 4% in 2000 given reasonably favorable world commodity prices.

      Producto Bruto Interno (PBI): purchasing power parity - $24.2 billion (1999 est.)

      PBI - Indice de Incremento real: 2% (1999 est.)

      PBI - por capital: purchasing power parity - $3,000 (1999 est.)

      PBI - Composici�n por Sector:
      agriculture: 16.6%
      industry: 35.5%
      services: 47.9% (1998 est.)

      Poblaci�n bajo linea de pobertad: 70% (1999 est.)

      Ingreso en casa o porcentage de consumci�n:
      lowest 10%: 2.3%
      highest 10%: 31.7% (1990)

      Indice de Inflaci�n (precios del consumidor): 2.1% (1999 est.)

      Fuerza Laboral: 2.5 million

      Fuerza Laboral - por ocupaci�n: agriculture NA%, industry NA%, services NA%

      Indice de desempleo: 11.4% (1997) with widespread underemployment

      Presupuesto:
      revenues: $2.7 billion
      expenditures: $2.7 billion including capital expenditures of $NA (1998)

      Industrias: mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing

      Industrial production growth rate: 4% (1995 est.)

      Electricidad - Producci�n: 2.576 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - producci�n por fuente:
      fossil fuel: 42.43%
      hydro: 55.75%
      nuclear: 0%
      other: 1.82% (1998)

      Electricidad - consumci�n: 2.412 billion kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - exportaciones: 4 million kWh (1998)

      Electricidad - importaciones: 20 million kWh (1998)

      Agricultura - productos: soybeans, coffee, coca, cotton, corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes; timber

      Exportaciones: $1.1 billion (f.o.b., 1999 est.)

      Exporationes - comodidades: soybeans, natural gas, zinc, gold, wood

      Exportaciones - socios: UK 16%, US 12%, Peru 11%, Argentina 10%, Colombia 7% (1998)

      Importaciones: $1.6 billion (c.i.f., 1999 est.)

      Importaciones - comodidades: capital goods, raw materials and semi-manufactures, chemicals, petroleum, food

      Importaciones - socios: US 32%, Japan 24%, Brazil 12%, Argentina 12%, Chile 7%, Peru 4%, Germany 3% (1998)

      Deuda - externa: $5.7 billion (1999)

      Ayuda economica - recipiente: $588 million (1997)

      Moneda: 1 boliviano ($B) = 100 centavos

      Indice de intercambio: bolivianos ($B) per US$1 - 6.0065 (January 2000), 5.8124 (1999), 5.5101 (1998), 5.2543 (1997), 5.0746 (1996), 4.8003 (1995)

      A�o Fiscal: calendar year

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    Revisto 01-Nov-00
    Copyright © 2000 Photius Coutsoukis (all rights reserved)


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